"...[H]e would exist just as authentically, and upon the same evidence as . . . Julius Caesar." (pg. 48)
Julius Caesar was a famous Roman leader who brought the Roman Empire to one of its greatest times of affluence and expansion. He had a romantic relationship with Cleopatra, the infamous Egyptian queen and last of the Ptolemy line to rule in Egypt. Caesar was killed in the Senate by two of his cloest associates, Brutus and Cassius, along with sixty conspirators. Orwell's reference to Caesar shows that while much of history has been rewritten, there are some things that remain intact. The Party most likely uses older historical references as a warning or a higher stander to hold things too. Much like Big Brother is perceived to have done, Caesar took control of his land and lead them to greater "prosperity."